Cabot/Koppers Superfund Site

Updates
 
Working in Remediation Zone

Nov. 5 UPDATE: Beginning Wednesday, Nov. 6, equipment will be in the neighborhood at one pilot home that Beazer will be working on. They are starting the remediation process at one home to give them a better idea how long the remediation process will take. There will be access from the Beazer site, so the neighborhood should not see an increase in traffic. Please note, this is only on one house right now, and is not the beginning of work in the neighborhood.

The week of Sept. 16-20, Nobles Consulting Group, the surveying contractor for Beazer, has been conducting surveying in the right-of-ways.

The following week, they will begin surveying the individual properties that granted access. In addition, they will take photographs of the exteriors of the house and property to document existing conditions. They will also be joined by employees of local firms, Zamia Design and Kestrel Ecological Services, to assist with existing conditions by documenting plants and trees.

Beazer’s contractor Tetra Tech has hired a community coordinator, Kate Libby, and she began working in late September. Tetratech can be contacted at koppers.cleanup@tetratech.com.

They will start interviews and meeting with residents in October to start working on their individual re-landscaping plans.

 The City of Gainesville and Protect Gainesville’s Citizens are arranging a workshop by UF IFAS to educate interested individuals in the remediation zone on Florida-friendly landscaping. Residents in the remediation zone will be notified about the date, and food will be provided for those who register in advance.

Consent Decree Approved by Federal Court

The Federal District Court for the Northern District of Florida has approved the proposed Consent Decree between the USEPA and Beazer East, effective July 9, 2013. Remediation actions and deadlines will begin and tracked from July 9, 2013. The following are supporting documents and responses to public comments received on the proposed Consent Decree:

Brief History of Cabot Carbon/Koppers Site

The Cabot Carbon/Koppers superfund site covers approximately 90 acres and is located along Northwest 23rd Avenue west of Main Street in Gainesville (see images below).  Although they are considered as one superfund site, the Cabot Carbon (Cabot) and Koppers properties are actually two separate properties.  The Cabot Carbon site is located at the corner of Main Street and 23rd Avenue and is currently occupied by a shopping plaza and various commercial businesses. The Cabot Carbon site had been used to produce charcoal, turpentine and other products from pine stumps until 1967. The Koppers site is located just west of the Cabot site and was operated as a wood treating facility from 1916 to 2010. Both sites have been contaminated due to historical operations, which included the use of unlined lagoons for storing waste products. The Cabot Carbon/Koppers superfund site is of particular concern because it is located adjacent to residential neighborhoods and because it is only two miles from the city’s water supply wellfield.

          
Click on images above for larger (8 1/2"x11" pdf) view

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has regulatory authority and is primarily responsible for all cleanup activities at the site. This includes clean up actions on the Cabot-Carbon and Koppers properties, as well as the cleanup efforts off-site at neighboring properties. The City of Gainesville does not have responsibility for cleaning up the site, nor does the city have regulatory authority over the site cleanup. However, the city, along with Alachua County and the Alachua County Health Department, have been very active as affected stakeholders in pushing for cleanup of the site to protect the community’s drinking water and public health. The city, county and Alachua County Health Department are working together as the Local Intergovernmental Team (LIT) in order to more effectively represent the community’s interests and provide technical review and comments to EPA. 

A significant amount of information for the site has been collected through numerous remedial investigations that began in 1983. The EPA issued a Record of Decision (ROD) for the Cabot Carbon/Koppers site in February 2011, which describes the EPA’s decision on how the site will be cleaned up.

In addition, the City of Gainesville will continue to provide residents and interested parties with updates on issues and actions that have taken place on the site. The following table gives an overview of recent actions and events that have been completed or are underway. Also, provided below are brief descriptions of the various entities involved with the site and what their roles are. 

-Return to top of page-

Frequently Asked Questions

Please click on each question to view the corresponding answer.

Key Recently Completed and Upcoming Events

The table below provides a brief overview of recently completed events and events that are anticipated in the near future. It is not intended to provide a comprehensive listing of all relevant site activities.

Cabot/Koppers Superfund Site - Gainesville, Florida (1)

Updated
July 2013

Key Activity (Site)

Status

Actual or Expected Completion Date (2)

Superfund Documents and Processes

EPA Draft Feasibility Study (Koppers)

Completed

August 2009

City/County Comments to EPA Draft Feasibility Study (Koppers)

Completed

November 2009

EPA Final Feasibility Study (Koppers)

Completed

May 2010

EPA Proposed Clean-up Plan for (Koppers)

Completed

July 2010

City/County Comments to EPA Proposed Clean-up Plan  (Koppers)

Completed

October 2010

EPA Record of Decision (ROD) (Koppers)

Completed

February 2, 2011

EPA Consent Decree Negotiations (3)

Completed

July 2013

Remediation of Off-site Soils (3)

Expected

Jan. 2014

Remedial Design & Remedial Action (3)

Expected

Within 60 days of EPA's issuance of a notice to proceed

On-site Activities

Surficial Aquifer Groundwater Pumping Systems and Collection Trenches

On-Going

Continuing

Floridan Aquifer Groundwater Pumping System

On-Going

Continuing

Groundwater Monitoring

On-Going

Continuing

Interim Stormwater Improvements (Koppers)

Completed

March 25, 2011

Demolition of Former Koppers Structures (Koppers)

Completed

March 28, 2011

Final FDEP Stormwater Permit (Koppers)

Completed

June 17, 2011

Buried Drum Investigation Final Report (Koppers)

Completed

June 21, 2011

Soil Solidification Pilot Study and Surficial Aquifer Interim Measures Rpt. (Koppers)

Expected

July 2011

ISGS Demonstration Study in Process Area (Koppers)

Expected

TBD

Floridan Aquifer Additional Containment Well (Koppers)

Expected

2nd quarter 2012

Additional Floridan Aquifer Groundwater Monitoring Wells (Koppers)

Expected

TBD

Cabot Site Additional Hawthorn Well Construction (Cabot)

Expected

Nov./Dec. 2011

 Soil gas investigation at Northside Shopping Center (workplan, fact sheet)

Expected

Oct. 2012 

 

 

 

Off-Site Activities

Alachua County Health Department routine periodic sampling of private wells in Stephen Foster Neighborhood

On-Going

Continuing

Alachua County Health Department hand delivered City of Gainesville easement contamination advisory letters to impacted residents

Completed

May 2009

FDOH/Alachua County Health Department  issue Stephen Foster Neighborhood updates periodically

On-Going

Continuing

FDOH/Alachua County Health Department hosted open house for Stephen Foster Neighborhood to discuss recent offsite soil contamination

Completed

June 2009

Publication of FDOH Health Consultation on Offsite Surface Soil

Completed

July 2009

Delivery of FDOH/Alachua County Health Department Cancer Inquiry Patient Listing form

Completed

October 2009

Preliminary Rounds Offsite Soil Sampling (Koppers)
February 2009, June 2009, December 2009, September 2010

Completed

Completed

Publication of FDOH Health Consultation on Springstead and Hogtown Creek Sediments, Public Comment Version

Completed

June 2010

Alachua County Health Department Letter to Responsible Party recommending easement fencing and signage

Completed

July 2010

Springstead and Hogtown Creek Tar Removal (Cabot)

Completed

March 2011

Publication of FDOH Chicken Egg Dioxin Evaluation

Completed

April 2011

Publication of FDOH Health Consultation for Hogtown and Springstead Creek Sediments, Final

Completed

May 2011

Publication of FDOH Health Consultation for Surface Soil in Stephen Foster Neighborhood Yards and Areas North, East, and South of Koppers, public comment version

Completed

June 2011

Publication of FDOH Cancer Review Report, 1981-2000

Completed

June 2011

Additional Round Offsite Soil Sampling (Koppers)

Expected

Dec. 2011

FDOH/ACHD/ACEPD/EPA/DEP and other Professionals Indoor Dust Sampling Workplan

Completed

July 22, 2011

Publication of FDOH Cancer Review Report, 2000-2008

On-Going

Dec. 2011

Additional soil sampling of “evaluation” parcels to determine if these parcels will be in remediation zone

Expected

July 30-31, 2013 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Important - This table is intended to provide an overview of key recent events and events anticipated in the near future at Cabot/Koppers.  It is not intended to provide a comprehensive listing of all relevant site activities.
(2) Anticipated completion dates provided by EPA and/or Beazer or Cabot and are approximate and subject to change.
(3) Beazer and EPA are currently (as of July 2011) negotiating the Consent Decree. The Consent Decree will contain specific timelines for completion of off-site soil remediation and for Remedial Design and Remedial Actions. Remedial Design and Remedial Actions will include design and implementation of the site cleanup mandated by EPA in the Record of Decision.
TBD - To Be Determined

-Return to top of page-

Roles of Agencies and Entities Involved with Cabot Carbon/Koppers Superfund Site

Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs)
Beazer East, Inc. (Beazer) – Beazer operated the Koppers Co. wood treating facility from 1916 until 1988, when it was sold to Koppers Industries. Associated with this historic ownership, Beazer maintains financial responsibility for certain environmental liabilities from the former Koppers plant. These liabilities include both on-site and off-site contamination. Beazer has legal responsibility for implementing the environmental cleanup of the site as specified in the EPA Record of Decision. Beazer purchased the property back from Koppers Industries in 2010 to facilitate the implementation of clean-up. 

Cabot Corporation (Cabot) –  Cabot is financially responsible for cleanup efforts related to on-site and offsite property and creek impacts from the former Cabot Carbon portion of the Cabot Carbon /Koppers Superfund Site which is located east of the former Koppers property. Cabot operated a facility that processed pine stumps to produce charcoal, turpentine and various other products on the former Cabot Carbon site until 1967. Cabot is responsible for implementing the environmental clean-up of the site as required in a USEPA Record of Decision from 1990.

Regulatory and Government Agencies
US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) – The EPA has regulatory authority over all of the cleanup activities at the site. This includes cleanup actions on the Cabot and Koppers properties as well as cleanup efforts off-site on neighboring properties. 

Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) – The FDEP is the state environmental regulatory agency responsible for cleanup of contaminated sites in Florida. The FDEP provides peer review to EPA on Superfund sites to ensure that Superfund site remedies are consistent with state regulations and requirements.

Local Intergovernmental Team (LIT) – The LIT includes Alachua County, City of Gainesville, Gainesville Regional Utilities and the Alachua County Health Department. LIT members do not have regulatory authority over the site cleanup. The LIT was formed in order to represent the interests of the community and provide technical input to EPA. By operating as the LIT, the LIT members are able to leverage one another's technical strengths and avoid duplication of efforts, thus representing community interests as effectively and efficiently as possible. Team members and their roles include:

City of Gainesville (General Government) - The City of Gainesville is active as a stakeholder in providing input to the EPA and FDEP to ensure that both on-site and off-site contamination are cleaned up properly, so that public health and the environment are protected and so that the site can be redeveloped in a manner that is beneficial to the community. The city has regulatory authority for certain site development issues and permitting, which are not regulated by EPA. The city provides expert opinions related to surface soil and creek sediment issues (on- and off-site) and on-site stormwater management issues. The city's efforts also include assembling outside experts to assist in interacting with the EPA and FDEP.

Gainesville Regional Utilities (GRU) - GRU (owned by the City of Gainesville) is focused on protecting the community's water supply wellfield which is located approximately 2 miles from the site. GRU's efforts have included assembling a team of experts with specialized expertise in remediation of wood treating sites. GRU and its team provide technical input to the EPA to ensure that appropriate actions are taken to characterize and remediate the site, and to ensure that the community's drinking water supply is protected.

Alachua County Environmental Protection Department (ACEPD) — The ACEPD provides local environmental and technical expertise in review of clean-up plans and contamination investigation actions on the Cabot Carbon/Koppers site and on neighboring impacted properties. The ACEPD's role includes providing input to the EPA and FDEP concerning local environmental conditions and codes and conveying community concerns related to cleanup and monitoring actions at the site. The ACEPD provides communication to the public on technical activities at the Cabot Carbon/Koppers Superfund Site, including a webpage and online library of technical documents. 

Florida Department of Health (FDOH)/Alachua County Health Department (ACHD) - The Alachua County Health Department (ACHD) is an integral part of the Florida Department of Health's system to assess threats from known and suspected pollution sources that have the potential to affect human health. Actions are taken to protect the public's health through exposure route analysis, water sampling, evaluation of health effects associated with soil contamination, morbidity trends, communication of health advisories and recommendations. 

Other Superfund Site Entities
Koppers, Inc. (Koppers) – Koppers Industries, also known as Koppers, Inc., owned and operated the Gainesville wood treating facility from 1988 until 2010 when it closed the wood treating operations and sold the property back to Beazer East, Inc.

Technical Assistance Group
Protect Gainesville Citizens (PGC) - PGC was awarded a Technical Assistance Grant (TAG) from EPA that allowed them to hire technical advisors to analyze and explain information about the site so that members of the community can more effectively participate in decision-making at this Superfund site. PGC is committed to improving the flow and accuracy of information regarding the Cabot Carbon/Koppers Superfund site.  

-Return to top of page-

Contact Information for Involved Agencies

The city will continue to maintain this website, but other agencies, including the EPA, Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), Alachua County Environmental Protection Department (ACEPD), Alachua County Health Department (ACHD) and Protect Gainesville Citizens (PGC) have websites that provide additional information and data about the Cabot-Carbon/Koppers Superfund site. Below is a brief listing of specific issues, websites and contact information for the each of the agencies involved.

 

Health Related Issues and Advisories:
Alachua County Health Department
Anthony Dennis, Environmental Health Director
Florida Department of Health
224 SE 24th St., Gainesville, FL 32641-7516
Phone 352-334-7930
http://www.doh.state.fl.us/chdalachua/index.htm

Florida Department of Health
Randy Merchant, Hazardous Waste Site Health Assessment Team Leader
4052 Bald Cypress Way, Bin A-08
Tallahassee, FL 32399-1712
Phone 850-245-4299
http://www.doh.state.fl.us/

General Issues:
Alachua County Environmental Protection Department
Dr. John Mousa, Pollution Prevention Manager
201 SE 2nd Ave., Suite 201
Gainesville, FL 32601
Phone 352-264-6805
http://www.alachuacounty.us/depts/epd/Pages/EPD.aspx

Florida Department of Environmental Protection
Kelsey Helton, Professional Geologist II
Bureau of Waste Cleanup
2600 Blair Stone Road, MS 4520
Tallahassee, FL 32399-2400
Phone 850-245-8969
http://www.dep.state.fl.us/waste/categories/wc/default.htm

United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)
Scott Miller, Remedial Project Manager
Superfund Division
Superfund Remedial Branch, Section C
U.S. EPA Region 4
61 Forsyth St., SW
Atlanta, GA 30303
Phone 404-562-9120
http://www.epa.gov/

Stormwater Management:
Florida Department of Environmental Protection
Northeast District Office
7825 Baymeadows Way, Suite B200
Jacksonville, Florida 32256
Main Phone Line 904-256-1700
Contact:  Robert Martin
Phone 904-256-1613
http://www.dep.state.fl.us/northeast/contact/default.htm

Groundwater issues:
Gainesville Regional Utilities
Rick Hutton, Supervising Utility Engineer
Gainesville Regional Utilities
PO Box 490, Station 70
Gainesville, FL 32601
Phone 352-393-1218
www.gru.com

Community Awareness/Technical Assistance:
Protect Gainesville's Citizens, Inc.
802 W. University Ave.
Gainesville, FL 32601
Phone 352-262-2442
Contact: Cheryl Krauth
www.protectgainesville.org

-Return to top of page-